Sperm is the male reproductive cell. In the types of sexual reproduction known as anisogamy and its subtype oogamy , there is a marked difference in the size of the gametes with the smaller one being termed the "male" or sperm cell. A uniflagellar sperm cell that is motile is referred to as a spermatozoon , whereas a non-motile sperm cell is referred to as a spermatium. Sperm cells cannot divide and have a limited life span, but after fusion with egg cells during fertilization, a new organism begins developing, starting as a totipotent zygote. The human sperm cell is haploid , so that its 23 chromosomes can join the 23 chromosomes of the female egg to form a diploid cell. In mammals , sperm develops in the testicles , is stored in the epididymis , and released from the penis.
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What’s the Function of a Sperm Cell? – Definition & Structure
Sperm cells are gametes sex cells that are produced in the testicular organ gonad of male human beings and animals. Like the female gamete Oocyte , sperm cells carry a total of 23 chromosomes that are a result of a process known as meiosis. In both animals and human beings, among many other organisms, these cells are involved in the sexual mode of reproduction which involves the interaction of male and female gametes.
The sperm cell has primarily adapted to its intended function through a variety of anatomical changes. One of the most crucial adaptations that sperm have evolved is their flagella, which propel them as they travel toward unfertilized ova. Sperm cells have a very different shape than skin cells, smooth muscle cells or any of the other common cells found in the human body.