Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. In general, the theology and history of Mary the Mother of God follow the chronological order of their respective sources, i. Genesis The first prophecy referring to Mary is found in the very opening chapters of the Book of Genesis : "I will put enmities between thee and the woman , and thy seed and her seed; she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel. Jerome  maintains that the Hebrew verb has the meaning of "crushing" or "bruising" rather than of "lying in wait", "guarding". Still in his own work, which became the Latin Vulgate , the saint employs the verb "to crush" conterere in the first place, and "to lie in wait" insidiari in the second. Hence the punishment inflicted on the serpent and the serpent's retaliation are expressed by the same verb: but the wound of the serpent is mortal, since it affects his head, while the wound inflicted by the serpent is not mortal, being inflicted on the heel.
Q: Should the perpetual virginity of Mary be considered a dogma? Also, does the doctrine convey a deeper meaning? The earliest witness to the perpetual virginity of Mary seems to appear in the apocryphal Protogospel of James circa Tertullian d, circa denied the virginity of Mary after Jesus' birth. Origen d , by contrast, taught Mary's perpetual virginity.
Various names are used to describe Mary's role as mother of Jesus. She is called "Mother of God" which translates the more accurately stated greek term "Theotokos" or "Birthgiver of God. This needs to be read against the Council's declaration that in Christ there are two natures, one divine and one human, but only one person.